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Wilms Tumor

Overview

Wilms tumor is a kind of kidney cancer that normally affects children of the age group 3-8 years old. It is considered as the most common kind of kidney cancer among children. The tumor affects both the kidneys, but normally develops in one only. It is believed that the tumor occurs when a baby is in the womb only. The cancer is rare as it hardly affects 1 child out of 200000-250000 children. The Wilms tumor run in the families, therefore sibling and twins are likely to get affected from the condition


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Causes

The exact cause of the tumor is not known. However, it is believed that due to some changes in one or more genes, the tumor occurs. It has been seen that children affected with Wilms tumor are born with some congenital anomalies like iris of the eye, urinary tract problem, etc.


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Signs & Symptoms

Assorted below are some of the major symptoms of the condition:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in the urine
  • Anemia
  • Shortness of breath

A noteworthy fact is that most of the children do not experience any symptom.

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Prevention

If the Wilms tumor runs in the family, early detection helps in treating the condition at right time.


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

The treatment of the cancer totally depends upon the stage of the tumor. Depending upon the stage of the cancer, health professional decides the best treatment. If the tumor has spread to the body, surgery is performed. After surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy is also given to the affected person if required.  

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