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Endometrial Cancer

Overview

Endometrial Cancer is a cancer that develops in the womb, a hollow organ that is located in the lower abdomen. The wall of the womb is comprised of an inner lining (known as Endometrium) as well as of outer layer (known as myometrium). Endometrial Cancer occurs in the inner lining of the uterus. It has been seen that in the U.S., every year near about 37000 cases are registered and approximately 6000 women die from the cancer. An important fact is that the incidence of the cancer increases significantly after menopause


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Causes

Although, the main cause of the uterine cancer is still unknown, excessive chronic exposure to estrogen may increase the risk. Estrogen is referred to as female hormone that is produced by the ovaries. Assorted below are some factors that increase the estrogen exposure:

  • Late menopause
  • Beginning of menstruation below the age of 12 years
  • Low parity or nulliparity

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Signs & Symptoms

Endometrial Cancer is generally considered as asymptomatic. But, some women may experience some symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Trouble in urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during intercourse

If the uterine cancer is in advanced stage, then a person may experience symptoms like loss of appetite, change in the bowel habits, etc.

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Prevention

No prevention exists for the condition.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Uterine cancer is treated after considering two factors: the patient’s overall health condition and the stage of the cancer. Some of the treatments that are performed for treating the cancer are hormone therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, etc

Surgical Modern Medicine

Surgical treatment of the uterine cancer is removing uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Surgeries are performed by surgical resection in which an incision is made in the abdomen or in the vagina. It may happen that a person experiences some side-effects like fatigue, vomiting, etc. patients are required to remain in hospital for few days to week and believe to resume normal day to day activities within the time span 4-8 weeks.

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