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Types of bone tumor



Posted
Dr. Shalini Kapoor Kad
April 12, 2011

A homoeopathic paediatrician, a counselling expert and a freelance writer are a few words to describe my profession. My sole aim is to put forth practical piece of information that guides every one right in the direction, blending the medicos to a layman with a simple gesture to make the medical things a little less convoluted and comprehendible.


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Bone tumor or cancer is considered one of the most dreadful of all diseases and it is caused when there is problem with the cells due to which the bones are formed. Recent studies suggest that over 2000 people are diagnosed every year with a bone tumor in United States alone. One of the important features of this cancer is that it is seen most in children and adolescents or teenagers but is not that common in adults and elderly people. Usually the bone tumor found in older adults is due to metastatic spread of existing cancer or tumor in the body. 

 

Different types of bone cancer

Bone cancer or tumor is found in different types and the most primary and common ones are Ewing’s sarcoma, osteosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma and chordoma.

Ewing’s sarcoma

Ewing’s sarcoma mostly affects the younger generation especially between 4 to 15 years and is a very aggressive kind of bone tumor. It is found more in males but rarely in people above 30 years age.  The tumor commonly attacks long bones present in arms and legs. The survival rate of the bone tumor patient is near about 65%, but the rate is lowered if the tumor has spread to lungs or even other tissues in the body.

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is considered one of commonest and primarily occurring malignant bone cancer. It is found mostly in males in the age group of 10 to 25 years but can also affect the older adults. It is commonly found in the bones of arms and legs which are long and grow very fast around the shoulders and knees especially in the children. This cancer is aggressive and spreads very fast and has the chances of spreading to the lungs as well. The survival rate in this case is 65%.

Chondrosarcoma

This is again one of the most commonly occurring bone tumor and 25% of all the bone tumors of this type are malignant. In Chondrosarcoma, the tumor is found in cartilage cells and can be aggressive as well as slow growing.  This tumor is very common in people above 40 years of age and is common in males than women. It is known to spread to lymph nodes and lungs and also spreads up to the pelvic and hip joint bones. The survival rate for fast growing Chondrosarcoma is very low (30%) while in case of slow growing bone tumor it is 90%.

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH)

This type of bone cancer can affect the soft tissues which include ligaments, muscles, tendons and also fats. It is also one of those diseases which inflict the soft tissues mostly in adult life and especially in the people in between 50 to 60 years of age.  It is two times more common in male as compared to women and also has vast severity chances. The survival rate in MFH is approximately 35%-60%.

The percentage of occurrence of other bone tumors is comparatively less but when it’s a tumor precaution and proper treatments become quint essential. 

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